About 40 million of people around the globe are victims of human trafficking. Out of all the people trafficked transnationally, 49 percent are women and 33 percent children – the majority of them end up in the sex industry.
Source: International Labour Organization, ILO
The definition of human trafficking
The first internationally shared definition of human trafficking can be found in the Palermo Protocols. According to this definition, human trafficking occurs under three combined conditions:
- The recruitment, offering, promotion, concealment, harbouring or housing of human beings (actions) - by improper means such as deception, threats, and coercion (means) - for purposes of exploitation, whether that is sexual exploitation, the exploitation of labor or the explant of organs (purpose).
Source: Federal Department of Foreign Affairs, FDFA
Example of exploitation of labour
The young man Safak* works almost 24 hours in a neighbourhood shop. He also has to sell illegal goods. His salary is being withheld and he is constantly put off until later. If he tries to ask for his money, he is threatened.
* name changed